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在线期刊

基于民族图案基元可拓语义的产品设计方法

秦臻, 季铁, 刘芳, 刘永红
(湖南大学设计艺术学院 长沙 410082)
分类号: TP391.41 DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1089.2021.18755
出版年,卷(期):页码: 2021 , 33 ( 10 ): 1595-1603 秦臻
摘要: 针对在面向民族图案的产品设计过程中, 设计者容易忽略民族图案所隐含的复杂语义, 导致所设计的产品脱离图案原本蕴含的文化内涵的问题, 提出基于民族图案基元可拓语义的产品设计方法. 利用可拓理论对民族图案基元的语义进行提取、量化分析、图形解析, 以优化产品设计过程中民族图案的运用. 以侗族织锦为例, 首先, 由当地文化持有者和设计人员共同对侗族织锦图案基元及其语义进行提取和选择; 然后, 对图案基元的语义进行分析, 得出最大可拓设计区间的特征词汇, 再对特征词汇进行图解, 并分析出最大可拓设计区间的图解; 最后, 对最大可拓设计区间的图解进行分析, 并以此指导设计实践. 邀请设计师和当地文化持有者共同对设计方案的文化表现性、创新性及美观度进行优度评估, 遴选优度较高的设计方案, 设计制作出具体的产品, 提升在产品设计过程中对民族图案运用的准确度与优度.
关键词: 民族图案; 图案基元; 可拓语义; 产品设计
The Method of Product Design Based on Extension Semantics of National Pattern Primitives
Qin Zhen, Ji Tie, Liu Fang, and Liu Yonghong
(School of Design, Hunan University, Changsha 410082)
abstract: In the process of product design for national patterns, designers tend to ignore the complex semantics implied by ethnic patterns, which leads to the design of products separated from the original cultural connotation of patterns. In view of this problem, the method of product design based on extension semantics of national pattern primitives is proposed. By using the extension theory to extract, quantitatively analyse and illustrate the semantics of ethnic pattern primitives, the application of national pattern in the product design process is optimized. Taking the brocade of Dong nationality as an example, firstly, the pattern primitives of Dong brocade are extracted and selected by the local culture holders and designers. Secondly, the extension semantics of pattern primitives is analyzed, and the characteristic words of the maximum extension design interval are obtained. Thirdly, the characteristic words are illustrated, and the illustration with the maximum extension design interval is analyzed. Fourthly, the illustration is analyzed to guide the design practice. Finally, the designer and the local culture holders are invited to jointly evaluate the cultural expression, innovation and beauty of the design scheme, select the design scheme with higher quality, design and produce the specific product, all of which improves the accuracy and superiority of the use of national patterns in the process of product design.
keyword: national pattern; pattern primitives; extension semantics; product design
 
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